сторінка 166 вправа 2 гдз 10 клас англійська мова Буренко 2018
Відповідь до p. 166 ex. 2:
Natural disasters are very dangerous for the Earth and the lives of people. There are different types of natural disasters that can happen. They are earthquakes, hurricanes, typhoons, cyclones, tsunamis, floods, avalanches, mudslides, volcanic eruptions, droughts, fires. These disasters can destroy everything in their path.
Earthquakes are caused by tectonic plates when they rub against each other or mine blasts or nuclear tests carried out by people.
Hurricanes, typhoons, cyclones are the weather phenomena where large storms swirl in circles and reach a wind speed of over 74 miles per
hour. The storm which happens in the Atlantic and northern Pacific is called a hurricane. The storm which happens in the northwestern part of the Pacific is called a typhoon. The storm which happens in the southwestern part of the Pacific and the Indian Ocean is called a cyclone.
A tsunami is caused by either an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption. Its huge waves as high as 100 feet destroy everything in its path, too.
A flood is an overflow of water that covers the earth. A severe flood can ruin everything. People also can be washed away with the flood and be drowned.
A mudslide is a liquid mass of dirt and ground sliding down a mountain. It is caused by cutting down trees. It is very difficult to get out if you get caught on in it.
An avalanche is a large amount of snow, ice or rock falling rapidly down the side of a mountain. Avalanches can bury everything met in their path.
Fires and volcanic eruptions are very dangerous, too. They destroy the natural habitat of animals, the homes of people leaving families homeless. People can be washed away, left under destroyed buildings or burnt in the fire.
Natural disasters influence greatly economy, the physical and mental health of people, can bring infectious diseases and lots more. After natural disasters people who are susceptible get a lot of stress and psychological trauma. They become depressed and an anxiety disorder can be developed. They are often in a very bad mood. They sometimes cannot even work.
The government have to spend a great deal of money to reconstruct areas that were effected by natural disasters in order to help people.
By the way, the weather and the climate influence human lives in many aspects: economical, social, physical, and ecological spheres. Changes in weather and climate influence infectious diseases spreading among people. They lead to malnutrition, diarrhoea and respiratory diseases. These changes threaten our health through the food we eat, the air we breathe, the water we drink. Such pollution can have terrible consequences for people.
It means headaches, migraines, low energy, muscle weakness, sleepiness, breathing problems, colds, great pain sensitivity, dry skin and more serious diseases: cancer, pneumonia and others.