сторінка 106 вправа 5 гдз 11 клас англійська мова Буренко 2019
Відповідь до p. 106 ex. 5:
We live in a magic, wonderful world. This world is our Earth. The Earth means everything around us: air, water, land, all living creatures and plants. It is our home. But today our planet is in serious danger. The solution of ecological and environmental problems concerns us greatly requiring the cooperation of all nations. The protection of the environment has become one of the most burning problems of our century.
Large cities with thousands of smoky industrial enterprises appear all over the world today. The by-products of their activity pollute the air we breathe, the water we drink, the soil we grow grain and vegetables on. Cars and industrial enterprises pollute the atmosphere with millions of tons of harmful substances, such as chemicals, exhaust fumes, etc. They are the main reason for global warming and acid rains.
Our forests are disappearing because they are being cut down or burnt and their disappearance upsets the oxygen balance and destroys habitat. As a result some rare species of animals, birds and plants disappear forever because of their destroying habitat.
All life on the Earth depends on water but oceans - saying nothing of rivers, seas, lakes, streams, ponds and even underground water - are polluted with poisonous substances because of industrial and nuclear waste, chemicals and rubbish. The pollution of air, water, soil, destruction of the ozone layer, acid rains and global warming are the results of man's careless interaction with nature, a sign of ecological crisis.
We have to remember about natural disasters: avalanche, hurricane, flood, tsunami, cyclone, volcanic eruption, earthquake, tornado, drought, mudslide, typhoon, and disasters which are caused by human errors: fires, wars, plane crashes, nuclear explosions, shipwrecks, explosions on ammunition dumps.
The most horrible ecological disaster befell Ukraine and its people as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in April 1986. A great damage has been done to Ukraine's agriculture, forests, rivers, lakes, animals, plants and people's health.
Every year thousands of plants and animal species get extinct. We are losing biodiversity. And the problem of endangered species is getting worse, too, because of global warming, air and water pollution, deforestation, destroyed habitat.
So, environmental protection is really a global problem. And it goes without saying that the most serious measures to create a universal system of ecological security should be taken immediately. If we don't use the environment carefully and protect it from man's destructive activities, very soon we won't have the planet to live on.