сторінка 115 вправа 5 гдз 11 клас англійська мова Буренко 2019
Відповідь до p. 115 ex. 5:
Since life first appeared on the Earth about four billion years ago, there had been tremendous changes. And nowadays our comfort is paid by destroying nature and creating crises on our planet. We destroy landscapes of great wonder and beauty, we destroy our natural resources to skin and exhaust the land. Dirty air, polluted water and land cause many illnesses among people. A lot of animals and birds on the Earth are disappearing now. The names of these animals and birds can be seen only in the Red Book.
Taking into consideration the problems of our Earth: industrialisation, overpopulation, environmental pollution, a low level of people's ecological education, millions and millions of tourists, we face disastrous effects on nature and wildlife that can lead to significant environmental degradation.
Everything we do has an impact on wildlife. Nowadays such words as green tourism, biotourism, nature tourism, sustainable tourism, educational tourism, cultural tourism and others can be heard but they all don't have much to do with ecotourism. So what is ecotourism?
According to the definition of the World Conservation Union ecotourism is "environmentally responsible travels to natural areas, in order to enjoy and appreciate nature (and accompanying cultural features, both past and present) that promote conservation, have a low visitor impact and provide for beneficially active socio-economic involvement of local peoples".
So ecotourism has a save-the-planet goal. As ecotourism is travelling to unpolluted natural areas with rare flora and fauna first we must think about the protection of these areas and preservation of ecotourism for future generations. The representatives of ecotourism say that it gives tourists the opportunity to broaden their minds, discover new ways of life, deepen their knowledge in history, biology and geography and lots more. Ecotourism helps in providing funds for conservation and benefits the economic development of local communities because tourists make voluntary contributions, use local transportation, hotels and markets that provide local people with jobs. It's a great blessing for them.
All these aspects are advantages of ecotourism. But there are disadvantages of ecotourism as well. Tourists require additional infrastructure such as sanitation facilities, lodging, etc. If local communities cannot offer these conditions, the results will be devastating.
First of all the increasing number of tourists who don't understand the negative aspects of their visits, don't know how to behave and don't follow the main rule - "don't leave anything behind you and take nothing away except photographs" - may damage the local environment greatly.
So before to visit a natural area tourists have to learn as much as possible about its flora, fauna, local people, culture, traditions and history. They don't have to pollute water, land, disturb wild animals, pick up rare flowers, buy souvenirs made from the skin of endangered animals or leaves of rare plants, leave waste behind them. If they know much about this area, they will get more out of their trip.
Everybody has to remember the basic rules:
- learn about the place you are going to visit;
- minimise an ecological impact: walk or bike instead of driving, use non-polluting forms of transportation whenever you can; don't waste resources;
- respect local people, their community, values, culture and traditions, ask permission to take photographs;
- provide financial benefits for local people: buy local products, stay in local hotels, eat in local restaurants and pay a fair price for everything you buy and use.
If you keep to these rules, the environment will be protected. Conservation and a careful attitude to the environment are very important as nature is very fragile and we have to take great care of it. Well-organised eco-tourism can do much for preserving nature, the well-being of locals and for man on the whole.