сторінка 207 вправа 6 гдз 11 клас англійська мова Морська 11 рік 2019
Відповідь до p. 207 ex. 6:
Vertical movement is defined as movement involving promotion up organizational hierarchy. Both speed and timing of vertical movement vary and today there are fewer rungs for vertical movement. A change in job functions or field of work is called horizontal movement. Individuals often find that further study or work may be necessary in order to learn new skills and acquire new types of expertise. Two reasons for making horizontal career changes are to obtain greater results and / or to facilitate further vertical movement. Sometimes, vertical movement is associated with radial movement in which a person is transferred to a branch or an affiliate. This movement away from the horizontal movement base involves both distance and level of influence.